Minerals are nutrients that our bodies need to keep healthy. Minerals assist in many functions throughout the body, and they are the building blocks of our bodily chemicals and cells.
Macrominerals like carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, sulfur, calcium, sodium, chloride, magnesium, and potassium our body uses a lot of. These minerals make up our cells. They are also used within our cells to maintain essential functions like metabolism and communication.
Other nutrients that our bodies don't use as much of are still essential to our well-being, which is why many peple take vitamin and mineral supplements.
Types of Minerals
Here is a list of some types of minerals our bodies use, and what they do for us.
Boron:Plays a role in maintaining strong bones, affects calcium and magnesium metabolism and proper cell membrane functioning.
Calcium:Helps build and maintain strong bones and teeth. Regulate heartbeat and muscle contractions, and assists in blood clotting. Prevents or minimizes osteoporosis in combination with Vitamin D.
Chromium:Important in the metabolism of glucose. Helps build lean muscle tissue and regulates blood sugar and insulin levels.
Copper:Helps in the formation of red blood cells. Involved in iron metabolism, nervous system functioning, bone health, and synthesis of proteins. Plays a role in the pigmentation of skin, hair, and eyes.
Iodine:Necessary for normal cell metabolism. Ued by the thyroid gland in the synthesis and secretion of hormones.
Iron:Needed for the formation of hemoglobin and myoglobin, which are the oxygen-carrying parts of our blood. The amount needed is higher in women of childbearing age because of the blood loss associated with menstruation.
Magnesium:Helps regulate metabolism, heart rhythm, bone growth and the function of nerves and muscles. Activates nearly 100 enzymes. Reduces PMS symptoms.
Manganese:Necessary for the normal development of healthy bones and connective tissues. Involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates.
Molybdenum:Required to activate certain enzymes that are necessary for thousands of bodily functions. Needed for metabolism of genetic material (DNA and RNA), and the production of uric acid.
Phosphorus:Needed for energy production. Helps build bones and teeth. Is used to form cell membranes and genetic material (DNA).
Potassium:Controls the activity of cells. Regulates the water balance and acid-base balance in the blood and tissues. Involved in bone calcification. Involved in energy production and muscle building.
Selenium:Antioxidant properties. Necessary for normal growth and development. Needed for the use of iodine in thyroid functioning. May reduce the risk of certain cancers.
Sodium:Helps regulate blood pressure and water balance in the body. Most people get enough or too much sodium without supplementation.
Vanadyl sulfate:Increases the amount of glucose and amino acids driven into the muscle. Works like insulin.
Zinc:Aids in the proper functioning of the immune system. Essential part of more than 100 enzymes involved in digestion, metabolism, reproduction, and wound healing.